Friday, September 16, 2016

Ancient History in Scotland

Nestled in the mossy, green hills on the Orkney Islands off Scotland
is a secret older than the great pyramids of Egypt.
At first, it might not look like much, but the fact is, this is a unique and
magical place.

Because within this rolling hillside is a perfectly preserved prehistoric
village called Skara Brae.
The winter of 1850 hit Orkney hard. A severe storm caused great
devastation and resulted in more than 200 deaths.  But it also revealed
something long forgotten. When the storm abated, villagers discovered
a settlement under the sand.
The settlement consists of eight stone houses and was inhabited
between roughly 3180 and 2500 B.C., making Skara Brae one of the
oldest agriculture villages in the UK.
Skara Brae has been called the "Scottish Pompeii" because the
ancient monument is so well preserved. Since the surrounding sand
and the buildings' architecture were well protected against the cold,
both the buildings and their contents have been remarkably preserved
throughout the millennia.
Archaeologists estimate that 50-100 people lived in the village. When
the settlement was built, the houses were 1,500 [metres] from the sea. 
Now, the sea has dug closer to the village and the view from the
settlement has changed from pastures to the sea.
The settlement's seven or eight houses were connected to each other
by tunnels. Each residence could be closed off with a stone door.
In every room, one bed was always bigger than the other, but no one
knows why.  Each room also contains cabinets, dressers, seats, and
storage boxes. These boxes were built to be waterproof, suggesting
that they might have stored live seafood for later consumption.
One house is distinct from the other, however. Archaeologists didn't
find any beds or other furniture. The house is believed to have
functioned as a workshop.
Amazingly, the village also had a sewage system and each house had
its own toilet.
Skara Brae was a society which centred around families. The
dwellings are all quite similar, which led archaeologists to conclude
that this society was a fairly equal one, without any authoritative leadership.
Some believe that the villagers were Picts, a people of unknown origin
who settled in eastern and northern Scotland near the end of the British
Iron Age. But archaeological findings have shown that the people who
lived here could have lived much earlier than that.
A number of mysterious discoveries have been made at the site, including
this carved stone ball, though no one really knows what it was used for.
And no one knows why the village was abandoned. But around 2500 B.C.,
the Orkney Islands became cooler and wetter. Many theories speculate about
how the people of Skara Brae met their fate; the most popular ones
involve a violent storm.
What's the future look like for Skara Brae? Although the settlement was built nearly
two [kilometres] from the beach, in recent centuries, it has been increasingly threatened
by the sea. Since 1926, the houses have been protected from the approaching sea and
harsh autumn winds by a concrete wall.
There has been talk about building an artificial beach with boulders and breakwater
to preserve Skara Brae and several other ancient monuments at risk of being destroyed.
But nothing has happened yet.  Until further notice, tourists continue to visit this fascinating
place, but the question is for how long?
I personally hope that the Scottish Government will do all they can
to preserve this amazing place.
Please share this with others so that more people get the chance to discover the wonder that is history!

Thursday, September 15, 2016

Read between the line

     •        How does Moses make tea?   Hebrews  it.

     •        Venison for dinner again?   Oh deer!

      •        A cartoonist was found dead in his
 home.  Details are sketchy.

      •        I used to be a banker, but then I lost

      •        Haunted French pancakes give me the

      •        England has no kidney bank, but it does
  have a Liverpool.

      •        I tried to catch some fog, but I mist.

      •        They told me I had type-A blood, but it was a Typo.

      •        I changed my iPod's name to Titanic. It's syncing now.

      •        Jokes about German sausage are the wurst.

      •        I know a guy who's addicted to brake fluid, but he says he can stop any time.

      •        I stayed up all night to see where the sun went, and then it dawned on me.

      •        This girl said she recognized me from
  the vegetarian club, but I'd never met herbivore.

      •        When chemists die, they barium.

      •        I'm reading a book about
  anti-gravity.  I just can't put it down.

      •        I did a theatrical performance about puns.  It was a play on words.

      •        Why were the Indians here first?  They had reservations.

      •        I didn't like my beard at first. Then it grew on me.

      •        Did you hear about the cross-eyed teacher who lost her job
   because  she  couldn't  control  her pupils?

      •        When you get a bladder infection, urine

      •        Broken pencils are pointless.

      •        What do you call a dinosaur with an extensive vocabulary?  A thesaurus.

      •       I dropped out of communism class because of lousy Marx.

      •       All the toilets in New York's police stations have been stolen.  The police have nothing to go

      •       I got a job at a bakery because I
  kneaded dough.

      •        Velcro - what a rip off!

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Wednesday, August 31, 2016

The Natural Beauty Of Cape Town (35 Reasons Why I Live In Cape Town)

Net 130 km hier van Langebaan af!
















































Teken in op die e-posse



Saturday, August 20, 2016

Around the world - Where/Which/What is



Where  is the world's  coldest place ? 

East Antarctic Plateau ... 
On the high ridge of the East Antarctic Plateau, 
the temperature can drop to as low as -135.8  degrees Fahrenheit, which was recorded in August, 2010. 
Where is the world's  most populated city ? 

Shanghai  ... 
At a whopping 24,150,000 permanent inhabitants, 
Shanghai  is the only city that is home to over 24 million people in one city. 
Where is the world's least populated city? (the picture is the clue) 

Vatican City  ... 
With a paltry population of 842, the city-state of 
Vatican City  is the smallest city and state in the world. 
Where is the world's  wealthiest city ? 

Tokyo  , Japan  .. 
That tower might as well be made of gold since Tokyo tops the charts 
with a GDP of $1,520 billion, beating New York City by a mere $310 billion. 
Where is the world's  poorest city in the poorest country ? 

Kinshasa  , Congo  .... 
it is the poorest city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 
which is also the  poorest country in the world, at a GDP of $55 billion. 
Many of its residents live on less $1 a day. 
What is the highest point in the world?  (this one is easy) 

Mount Everest ... 
Towering 29,029 feet in the air, the top of Mount Everest 
is the closest you can get to touching outer space while still standing on Earth. 

Where is the lowest point in the world? 

The Challenger Deep Trench 
It is   the lowest known natural point in the world 
at  35,797 ft  below sea level   at the bottom of the Mariana Trench. 
Only three people have ever made it to the bottom in a submersible, one of which was filmmaker James Cameron. 
What is the most photographed place  in the U.S.? 

Surprise:  the Guggenheim building in New York... 
Photos have always told stories, but in today's world of cell phone cameras and social media, 
that story is relayed as data to companies who monitor everything we do. 
Geotagged data was culled by Sightsmap using a Google-based image sharing software, 
and can show us the most photographed places in the world, right down to this landmark. 
The strange winner is this building in New York City  Guess it impresses a lot of visitors. 
Where is the wettest spot on Earth?  (and it's not the Amazon!) 

Mawsynram  , India  ... 
In this city in India, it rains an average of  467.35 inches per year, 
and has a record of 1000 inches in 1985...much more than any rain forest! 
Where is the  driest spot  on Earth?   (It's not the Sahara!) 

The Atacama Desert ... 
The  600 miles of South America's Atacama desert is recorded as the driest place on Earth, no contest. 
This desert has an average of only 4 inches of rain every hundred years. Incredible, but true. 
What city claims to be the  sunniest place in the U.S.? 

Yuma  , Arizona  ... 
In this city in Arizona, the sun shines for an average of 11 hours a day. 
The usual forecast is sun for 90 percent of the year, averaging a total of 4015 daylight hours each year.

Where is the most expensive city to live in?   (It's not in the U.S. thankfully) 

Singapore  ... 
This city has recently beat out Tokyo, Japan, for the title of "most expensive city" for 2014. 
Cars can cost between 4-6 times as much in Singapore from what they cost in the US or UK 
(for example, a Toyota Prius actually costs about $150,000.00 there). 
Where is the  least expensive city  to live in? 

Mumbai  , India  .. 
At the other end of the spectrum, Mumbai, India, is the cheapest place to live in the world, 
according to the Worldwide Cost of Living Index, 2014. 
For some comparison, a loaf of bread that would cost $3.36 in Singapore, 
would only cost $0.91 in Mumbai.  A lot of poverty brings the cost of living down. 
What country consumes the  most food per capita? 

The overweight United States ... 
They eat an average of 3,770 calories a day each. 
Shamefully, obesity is becoming more of a problem every year. 
Where is the world's  oldest city ? 

Damascus           ... 
There's quite a bit of controversy over which city gets to officially claim the title of "oldest continuously inhabited city. 
However, Damascus is the safest bet, with evidence of civilization that extends back over 11,000 years. 
Which is the  youngest country  in the world? 

South Sudan  ... 
The people of South Sudan were formally recognized as an independent country in 2011 , 
making it the youngest country in the world to-date. 
Which is the world's most visited city? 

London  ... 
After a several years of competition with Bangkok, London has regained its place as the world's most visited city 
(according to MasterCard's 2014 Global Destinations City Index). 
The city sees about  18.69 million international visitors annually , generating  $19.3 billion in revenue for their city. 
What is the world's  least popular country ? 

Iran  ... 
            On that same rating scale, Iran has come in dead last (at a 79% negativity rating) for many years. 
Only 15% of people polled viewed Iran in a positive light. 
Where is the world's  most dangerous  city to live in? 

San Pedro  , Honduras    ... 
This city averages over three murders a day . 
The violence stems from the city's role as a major hub for illegal drug and arms trafficking. 
Which country consumes the  most caffeine  in the world? 

Sweden    ... 
The strong coffee in Sweden will put a spring in your step, and hair on your tongue. 
The Swedes consume an average of 388 mg of caffeine in coffee per person, per day 
(that's almost 5 Red Bulls in the U.S.). 
Which country in the world  drinks the most alcohol ? 

Belarus  ... 
In the little country of Belarus, each person above the age of 16 
drinks an average of 4.62 gallons of alcohol every year. 
That's a lot of booze. 
Which country is the most bicycle friendly in the world? 

The Netherlands …    
By comparing cities using the average number of bicycle trips made daily, one city reigns supreme: 
Groningen  in the Netherlands.  About 50 percent of the population commute via bike daily, 
making it the city with the greatest proportion of cyclists. 
However, many other cities in the Netherlands have a great bicycling tradition. 
Where is the world's most energy efficient city? 

Reykjavik  , Iceland  ... 
All of the energy and heat used by the citizens of Reykjavik, Iceland 
come from geothermal plants and renewable hydropower 
making it the most sustainable and energy efficient city in the world. 
This city has also been replacing traditional buses with hydrogen-fueled buses, 
from which the only emissions are water. 
Which country has the  longest life expectancy  in the world? 

Monaco  ... 
According to the World Health Organization's study from 2013, 
Monaco  tops the charts for longest living citizens with an average life expectancy of 87.2 years 
Men in Monaco live an average 85.3 years, and women live longer to an average of 89 years. 
Which country has the  shortest life expectancy ? 

Sierra Leone   
On the opposite side of that coin, the population of Sierra Leone live only to an average of 47 years. 
The men of Sierra Leone live to an average of 47 years old, whereas 
women live a little longer, an average of 48 years. 
Poverty plays a big roll in their short life expectancy. 
What country would qualify as the most stressed-out nation in the world 
because of their living conditions? 

Nigeria  ... 
By looking at the homicide rate, the GDP per capita, continued income inequality, 
corruption, lack of education opportunities and unemployment numbers, 
one thing is clear: Nigeria's people are, hands-down, the most stressed out population in the world. 
Which city has the highest average IQ? 

Hong Kong  ... 
There are a lot of factors that affect an IQ score, ranging from national and personal wealth, to simply what test is used. 
As a result, these findings are highly controversial, but suggest that Hong Kong has the highest IQ level, 
at an average of 107 points per person. 
*However, Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, 
meaning that it falls within the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China, 
yet does not form part of Mainland China, because it has it's own government. 
So these results are questionable. 
Which foreign city is the world's most well-connected one for internet use ? 

Seoul  , South Korea    
Surprisingly, despite China's 618 million internet users who spend an average of 18.7 hours a week surfing the net, 
China  didn't even make the top 10 for internet connection. 
Seoul, South Korea  is a different story considering the average connection speed, availability, 
(including free access), openness to innovation, support of public data, and privacy/security, 
Seoul, South Korea  is the champion of internet-connectedness. 
With 10,000 government supported  free WiFi spots dotting the city, 
and an internet speed that goes unchallenged globally, Seoul is an internet junkie's paradise. 
Wasn't that interesting?  I'll bet you learned something new, I know I did!

Dankie Anna Eksteen.